Category: Children

Excessive wakefulness

excessive wakefulness

Pigeon, W. Chotinaiwattarakul Excessive wakefulness, O'Brien Natural energy-boosting shakes, Anti-oxidation benefits Wskefulness, Chervin RD. In: Kryger Post-workout muscle recovery, Wakefuoness T, Dement WC, eds. Meta-analytic Evidence for a Superordinate Cognitive Control Network Subserving Diverse Executive Functions. November Eveningness and Later Sleep Timing Are Associated with Greater Risk for Alcohol and Marijuana Use in Adolescence: Initial Findings from the National Consortium on Alcohol and Neurodevelopment in Adolescence Study.

Excessive wakefulness -

The symptoms of sleep disorders depend on the specific disorder. Some signs that you may have a sleep disorder include that:.

To make a diagnosis, your health care provider will use your medical history, your sleep history, and a physical exam. You may also have a sleep study polysomnogram. The most common types of sleep studies monitor and record data about your body during a full night of sleep.

The data includes:. Other types of sleep studies may check how quickly you fall asleep during daytime naps or whether you are able to stay awake and alert during the day. The information on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Contact a health care provider if you have questions about your health.

Sleep Disorders. On this page Basics Summary Start Here Diagnosis and Tests Treatments and Therapies. Learn More Related Issues Specifics Genetics. See, Play and Learn No links available. Research Statistics and Research Clinical Trials Journal Articles.

Resources Reference Desk Find an Expert. For You Children Teenagers Women Patient Handouts. What is sleep? What are sleep disorders? Some major types include: Insomnia - being unable to fall asleep and stay asleep.

This is the most common sleep disorder. Sleep apnea - a breathing disorder in which you stop breathing for 10 seconds or more during sleep Restless leg syndrome RLS - a tingling or prickly sensation in your legs, along with a powerful urge to move them Hypersomnia - being unable to stay awake during the day.

This includes narcolepsy, which causes extreme daytime sleepiness. Circadian rhythm disorders - problems with the sleep-wake cycle. They make you unable to sleep and wake at the right times. Parasomnia - acting in unusual ways while falling asleep, sleeping, or waking from sleep, such as walking, talking, or eating Some people who feel tired during the day have a true sleep disorder.

What causes sleep disorders? There are different causes for different sleep disorders, including: Other conditions, such as heart disease , lung disease , nerve disorders , and pain Mental illnesses , including depression and anxiety Medicines Genetics Sometimes the cause is unknown.

There are also some factors that can contribute to sleep problems, including: Caffeine and alcohol An irregular schedule, such as working the night shift Aging. As people age, they often get less sleep or spend less time in the deep, restful stage of sleep.

People with narcolepsy may have other sleep disorders. They might have obstructive sleep apnea, in which breathing starts and stops during the night. Or they may act out their dreams, known as REM sleep behavior disorder.

Or they may have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep, called insomnia. See your health care provider if you experience excessive daytime sleepiness that affects your personal or professional life.

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You may opt-out of email communications at any time by clicking on the unsubscribe link in the e-mail. You'll soon start receiving the latest Mayo Clinic health information you requested in your inbox. The exact cause of narcolepsy is unknown. People with type 1 narcolepsy have low levels of hypocretin hi-poe-KREE-tin , also called orexin.

Hypocretin is a chemical in the brain that helps control being awake and when you enter REM sleep. Hypocretin levels are low in people who experience cataplexy.

Exactly what causes the loss of hypocretin-producing cells in the brain isn't known. But experts suspect it's due to an autoimmune reaction. An autoimmune reaction is when the body's immune system destroys its own cells. It's also likely that genetics plays a role in narcolepsy. Research also indicates that in some cases narcolepsy may be linked to exposure to the swine flu H1N1 flu virus.

It also may be linked to a certain form of the H1N1 vaccine. The vaccine was administered in Europe. The typical process of falling asleep begins with a phase called non-rapid eye movement NREM sleep. During this phase, brain waves slow.

After an hour or so of NREM sleep, brain activity changes and REM sleep begins. Most dreaming occurs during REM sleep. In narcolepsy, you may suddenly enter REM sleep without going through NREM sleep.

This can happen both at night and during the day. Cataplexy, sleep paralysis and hallucinations are similar to changes that occur in REM sleep. But in narcolepsy they happen while you're awake or drowsy. Narcolepsy care at Mayo Clinic.

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This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder that makes people very drowsy during the day.

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By Mayo Clinic Staff. Show references Kryger M, et al. Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine. Elsevier; Accessed Dec. Martin VP, et al.

Sleepiness in adults: An umbrella review of a complex construct. Sleep Medicine Reviews. Ferri FF. They can be grouped into four main categories:. Insomnia includes trouble falling asleep or staying asleep. Episodes may come and go, last up to 3 weeks be short-term , or be long-lasting chronic.

Hypersomnia is a condition in which people have excessive daytime sleepiness. This means they feel tired during the day.

Hypersomnia can also include situations in which a person needs to sleep a lot. This may be due to other medical conditions, but can also be due to a problem in the brain. Causes of this problem include:. When no cause for the sleepiness can be found, it is called idiopathic hypersomnia.

Problems may also occur when you do not stick to a regular sleep and wake schedule. This occurs when people travel between time zones. It can also occur with shift workers who are on changing schedules, especially nighttime workers.

Abnormal behaviors during sleep are called parasomnias. They are fairly common in children and include:. Insomnia; Narcolepsy; Hypersomnia; Daytime sleepiness; Sleep rhythm; Sleep disruptive behaviors; Jet lag. Avidan AY.

Wakefuness is difficulty falling Allergy-free products Anti-oxidation benefits asleep, early awakening, waiefulness a Anti-oxidation benefits of unrefreshing wqkefulness. See Post-workout muscle recovery Wakefulnezs to the Patient With a Excesisve or Wakefulness Disorder Approach to Excessibe Patient With a Sleep or Post-workout muscle recovery Disorder Almost half of all people in the US report sleep-related problems. Disordered sleep can cause emotional disturbance, memory difficulty, poor motor skills, decreased work efficiency, and increased read more for general information about sleep disorders and about their evaluation and treatment. Insomnia can be a disorder, even if it exists in the context of other disorders, or can be a symptom of other disorders. EDS is not a disorder but a symptom of various sleep-related disorders. Official websites use. excdssive A. gov website belongs Exessive an official Anti-oxidation benefits organization in the United States. gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites. Sleep is a complex biological process. excessive wakefulness

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